Oralities and Literacies
- Brian Stock, The Implications of Literacy: Written Language and Models of Interpretation in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983), Sections One and Two. On reserve in hard copy and available as an e-book on the Walsh catalogue. Stock uses continental examples: the important thing is to read until you have grasped his concepts of a-literate mentalities and of textual communities.
- Gabrielle Spiegel, Romancing the Past: The Rise of Vernacular Prose Historiography in Thirteenth-Century France (Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California 1993, pprbk 1995): Introduction pp. 1-10: Chapter One pp.11-12, 40-53, and Chapter Two pp. 55-98. Spiegel’s models and arguments are important, so the Introduction is a useful overview: the historical background in Chapter One is valuable for showing how permeable any notion of insular medieval English culture has to be with the Continent: Chapter Two offers context, models, comparisons for various versions of the Ps-Turpin text as it inaugurates (according to Spiegel) aristocratic uses of prose historiography as ideology. These extracts are on reserve as hard copy and the Introduction is available as a reading excerpt on the Walsh catalogue entry for the book.
Other useful optional secondary reading
Franz H.Bäuml, ‘Varieties and Consequences of Medieval Literacy and Illiteracy’, Speculum 55 (1980), 237-65.
Michael Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record, 2nd edn (Oxford: Blackwell, 1993), ch. 8, ‘Hearing and Seeing’, pp. 253-93, ch. 9 ‘Trusting Writing’, pp. 294-327.
REPORTS REQUIRED FOR WEEK TWO
- a report (5 minutes) on Stock
- a report (6-7 minutes) on Spiegel
- a report on Clanchy (3-4 minutes) on Domesday Book from ch. 1 of From Memory to Written Record.
- La Destructioun de Rome, ed. Luciano Formisano, Anglo-Norman Text Society Plain Text Series 8 (London; ANTS, 1990): photocopied extract and translation. (read and note)
- The Anglo-Norman Pseudo-Turpin Chronicle, ed. Ian Short, ANTS 25 (London, ANTS, 1973), photocopied extract. Prologue to be translated in preparation for the seminar.
- The Deeds of the Normans in Ireland (La Geste des Engleis enYrlande), ed. Evelyn Mullally (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2002). Photocopied extract. (read and note)